Tunisia
This century, Tunisia has become known as the birthplace of the so-called Arab Spring revolutions. It was here that local protestors first began to demonstrate against an oppressive and autocratic regime led by then-Tunisian President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.

Ben Ali had been in power since 1987 and although Tunisia was comparatively prosperous and also had closer ties to Europe than many of its neighbours, his regime only paid lip service to democratic and media freedoms.

Since nationwide protests forced Ben Ali to step down in 2011, Tunisia has experienced its first free elections and a period of tumultuous transition. The first elected government led by moderate Islamist party, Ennahda, stepped aside in October 2013 after further protests and a caretaker government is in power until fresh elections can be held in 2014.

Media in Tunisia: Since Ben Ali was ousted, Tunisia has enjoyed more press freedom and the country has actually moved further toward a truly democratic and inclusive society, especially when compared to its Arab Spring neighbours, Libya and Egypt. Yet it is also true that Tunisian journalists still work in dangerous conditions, especially when facing the ongoing threat of presented by religious extremists in the country.

There is also a strong polarisation in Tunisia’s media scene, with lines drawn between the liberal and secular media and the conservative, religious media.

One of Tunisia’s major achievements was the relatively successful foundation of the High Independent Authority for Audiovisual Communication, or HAICA, a body tasked with regulating the Tunisian media sector, supervising the media during electoral campaigns, and nominating directors in public broadcasting.

MICT has been active in Tunisia since 2011. The core of MICT's activities in Tunisia are professional development and ongoing training of local journalists. Projects have included platforms for the dissemination of election information and a bi-lingual news website, Correspondents.org, as well as cooperation with local universities and a music project.