Egypt
Egypt’s 2011 revolution against then-leader Hosni Mubarak has seen this important country, the largest Arab country in the region, fall into a state of flux.

Under pressure from millions-strong demonstrations, Mubarak, who had ruled the country between 1981 and 2011, stepped down in February 2011. He was then sentenced to life imprisonment over deaths that occurred during the demonstrations. But the road to democracy desired by so many Egyptians has been far from smooth.

The political scene since Egypt’s first elections in late 2011 has been marked by increased polarity between secular, liberal and minority groups and religious parties like the long-oppressed Muslim Brotherhood, which won the first elections and the first presidential poll.

Media in Egypt: Immediately after the revolution that saw the fall of Mubarak, there was a lot of freedom on the local media landscape. However, after the removal of the next president, Mohammed Morsi, from office, this has changed and it has become difficult to find opposition voices. The fairly homogenous message coming from almost all media is pro-government and pro-military. Those heading media in Egypt are often part of the relatively close network of business people and those with military connections who are currently leading the country.

MICT started working in Egypt in April of 2011, shortly after Mubarak resigned. The main focus of MICT’s work has been on the provision of independent information and balanced reporting in a country that has become increasingly dangerous for journalists. Projects have included the provision of information on political parties before the first Egyptian elections in late 2011 and early 2012 as well as the training and professional development of journalists and other media producers.